These types of towns are found significantly more than sea-top, into the Southern area-West side of the newest Sicani Mountains

These types of towns are found significantly more than sea-top, into the Southern area-West side of the newest Sicani Mountains

19 centenarians (10 people and you can 9 guys) living at home regarding five municipalities away from Bisacquino, Castronovo, Chiusa Scalafani, Giuliana and you may Prizzi on West element of Sicily, Italy, was known with the introduce data. Subjects was indeed individuated because of the general practitioners as well as their years featured inside the this new beginning registries. Since a deeper control, regarding the interviews, types of appeal try paid off towards concordance anywhere between reported ages and you will private chronologies (chronilogical age of relationship as well as military services for men, ages of earliest and you will last maternity for ladies, period of college students, yet others). New subjects undergone an actual physical examination and you will a day fasting bloodstream venous decide to try is actually obtained to have understanding bloodstream chemistry variables. Anthropometric actions integrated peak, weight, and body mass list (BMI) [weight (kg)/top (m2)]. Additionally, the fresh Mini Nutritional Research (MNA), Very first Issues regarding Day to day living (ADL) and Important Circumstances away from Everyday living (IADL) was administrated. ADL and IADL were examined of the interviewing users and their caregivers [thirteen, 14]. Actual activities (buffet delivering, colon and kidney continence, standing element, the quantity away from standard products, bathrooms and you can dressing performance), nerve points (auditory acuity and you may vision) and you can intellectual abilities (comprehension and you can self-expression) was in fact included in the ADL. For each and every item are classified toward five types of worry about-sufficiency: completely independent, separate however, sluggish, independent which have problem, partially oriented and entirely oriented, using a point rating off 12 to at least one, respectively.

The research was passed by regional University Medical Integrity Committee; the idea and procedures of analysis was in fact told the fresh sufferers, and you will informed and you will composed agree are taken from the players otherwise caregivers.


Dining table step one depicts the new frequency away from centenarians when you look at the Italy and in the research urban area; we have identified 19 centenarian, ten lady and you will 9 males certainly a society away from 18,327 people. In this area the latest centenarian number is 4.32-flex higher than brand new national average ( compared to. 2.4/ten,000). It’s significant your men centenarian count try -flex higher than the new federal average ( against. 0.,000). Female/men proportion is actually 1.1:1 in the study town, while the federal proportion was 4.54:1.

All centenarians inhabit a family household, generally through its relatives. Private ADL and IADL score was basically regarding sounding modestly independent both for sexes. A good anamnesis on one individual said a negative auditory acuity and you can worst vision, as they was basically without cardiac heart problems, major intellectual handicap, big actual impairment, medically clear malignant tumors or kidney insufficiency.

When you look at the Figure step one, MNA example administrated to match centenarian are found , while Contour 2 profile a consistent daily food diet. Centenarians recruited during these town tended to getting privately productive, non-obese, short in stature, with a regular Bmi (23.6 ± step 3.1), suggestive of some degree of energy limitation with a high consumption out of regular plant as well as reasonable chicken consumption. Its eating plan shows a low glycemic index just like the lower away from understated carbohydrate (zero light bread, reasonable number of pasta, no sweeteners, sweet beverages, can also be restaurants, suspended already wishing make or edibles, cookies cakes or delicacies). Furthermore, he’s an excellent consumption from olive and you can virgin olive oil out-of various other cultivar particularly: Nocellara off Belice, Biancolilla, Giarraffa and you will Ogliarola one seemingly have important anti-oxidant characteristics (unpublished analysis). For the Shape step 3, Bmi and you can MNA try plotted together appearing the greatest conformity ranging from nutrients and body size index.


In Italy this season the population old one hundred many years and you will more than enjoys 14 thousand gadgets, and that the fresh centenarian frequency try 2.4/. Currently there are almost five centenarian people for 1 son. not, during the Italy you will find a northern to Southern gradient about female/male proportion for the centenarians . Attain understanding of this new character of gender and you can environment, we have come a generation data into the Sicily exhibiting you to inside hill zones out-of Sicily there is a zone of men resilience with the same enjoys to the people included in Sardinia, on the thus-entitled Bluish Area [11, 12, 16]. In the two cases the municipalities concerned don’t become contaminated portion and so are short, into the low number of people. Therefore, resilience is much more prevalent during the boys residing a little city, in the place of contamination, more than likely due to some other functioning conditions, additional life i.e. faster puffing and you will alcoholic abuse and you may Mediterranean diet. Appropriately, both these portion into the Sicily plus Sardinia along with express lowest mortality from disease and cardiovascular diseases [eleven, 16–18].